一、学科、专业简介 (Disciplines Instruction)
Marine chemistry is one of the four fundamental disciplines of marine science. It involves studying on the chemical composition, content, existing form of element and material in the ocean, and their chemical property, chemical process, changing principle of distribution and transition, exploitation and utilization of chemical resources. Marine chemistry possesses obvious regional characters because chemical oceanography is studied through analyzing the distribution and transition of chemical materials. In this discipline, not only all kinds of macroscopical chemical processes, such as mixing of water mass, exchange of materials between ocean and gases, chemical flux between seawater and seabed, but also some micro regional chemical processes of marine environment, such as surface absorption, complexation, association of ion pair, will be investigated.
Physical, chemical, biological and geological changes usually take place simultaneously in the comprehensive marine system. Therefore, chemical oceanography need to be interpenetrated and cooperated with physical oceanography, biological oceanography and geological oceanography in order to comprehensively solve the oceanographic problems. For example, marine resource chemistry studies primarily on the exploitation and utilization of chemical resources from seawater, marine organism and submarine sediments. In the early period, exploitation of marine resources mainly dealt with salts manufacturing, bittern or comprehensive utilization of seawater, such as extraction of mirabilite, sylvine, bromine and other low-content inorganic substances. In recent years, the study of marine resources includes desalination of sea water, extraction of uranium , isolation of natural products from marine organism. Moreover, engineering facilities, involving in exploiting marine resources are now facing some severe chemical problems, such as metal corrosion in marine environment, biological pollution of equipment or ship hull, which will be solved by marine chemistry.
Master degree program of marine chemistry in our university was set in 2004. Nowadays, there are 2 professors, 3 associate professors, 6 lecturers in this specialty, among whom 8 of them are supervisor of master students, and 10 of them had received their doctorate degree. Teachers of specialty chaired National High Technology Research and Development Program (863), National Natural Science Fund, the Natural Science Fund of Shandong Province, Planned Science and Technology Project of Shandong Province, the State Key Laboratory Program and so on, which provides enough fund. This specialty formed its own superiority and characteristics in the fields of the analysis and control of marine eco-environmental pollutants, comprehensive exploitation and utilization of marine biological resources, monitoring and protection of marine environment, which will lay the foundation for cultivating high-tech talent with innovation ability.
二、培养目标(Objectives of Training)
Students enrolled in this program should be loyal to our country, master the basic principles of Maxism, stick to the four basic-principles, and obey the laws and have correct view of world and life, and high sense of responsibility to the society. Besides, they should be selfless and cultivating the style of pursuing the truth and innovation.
Students should master fundamental theory, professional knowledge and specialized skill about marine chemistry, basic knowledge of physical oceanography, biological oceanography and geological oceanography associated with marine chemistry. They should also know the latest development direction of marine chemistry, and efficiently manage a foreign language to read the professional documents, and have considerable ability of listening, speaking, writing and international academic exchange. By studying for three years, students should have innovation spirit and the ability of independently analyzing and solving problems. After graduated, students should be competent for teaching, scientific researching and professional technological positions as higher-level new-type talent.
三、学制及学习年限(Educational System and Length of Schooling)
According to the general provisions of training program for postgraduate in Qingdao University of Sciences and Technology, length of the program for full-time postgraduate is 2~3 years, and usually less than 4 years. It includesI- IIterms of course study and one year thesis work. Early or delayed graduation will be allowed according to the students actual conditions. Length for Part time postgraduates should be within 4 years.